# Upgrade Your Node

This document describes the upgrade procedure of a gaiad full-node to a new version.

# Cosmovisor

The Cosmos SDK provides a convenient process manager that wraps around the gaiad binary and can automatically swap in new binaries upon a successful governance upgrade proposal. Cosmovisor is entirely optional but recommended. More information can be found in cosmos.network docs (opens new window) and cosmos-sdk/cosmovisor/readme (opens new window).

# Setup

To get started with Cosmovisor first download it

Copy go install github.com/cosmos/cosmos-sdk/cosmovisor/cmd/cosmovisor

Set up the environment variables

Copy echo "# Setup Cosmovisor" >> ~/.profile echo "export DAEMON_NAME=gaiad" >> ~/.profile echo "export DAEMON_HOME=$HOME/.gaia" >> ~/.profile source ~/.profile

Create the appropriate directories

Copy mkdir -p ~/.gaia/cosmovisor/upgrades mkdir -p ~/.gaia/cosmovisor/genesis/bin/ cp $(which gaiad) ~/.gaia/cosmovisor/genesis/bin/ # verify the setup. # It should return the same version as gaiad cosmovisor version

Now gaiad can start by running

Copy cosmovisor start

# Preparing an Upgrade

Cosmovisor will continually poll the $DAEMON_HOME/data/upgrade-info.json for new upgrade instructions. When an upgrade is ready, node operators can download the new binary and place it under $DAEMON_HOME/cosmovisor/upgrades/<name>/bin where <name> is the URI-encoded name of the upgrade as specified in the upgrade module plan.

It is possible to have Cosmovisor automatically download the new binary. To do this set the following environment variable.


# Manual Software Upgrade

First, stop your instance of gaiad. Next, upgrade the software:

Copy cd gaia git fetch --all && git checkout <new_version> make install

NOTE: If you have issues at this step, please check that you have the latest stable version of GO installed.

See the testnet repo (opens new window) for details on which version is needed for which public testnet, and the Gaia release page (opens new window) for details on each release.

Your full node has been cleanly upgraded! If there are no breaking changes then you can simply restart the node by running:

Copy gaiad start

# Upgrade Genesis File

To upgrade the genesis file, you can either fetch it from a trusted source or export it locally.

# Fetching from a Trusted Source

If you are joining the mainnet, fetch the genesis from the mainnet repo (opens new window). If you are joining a public testnet, fetch the genesis from the appropriate testnet in the testnet repo (opens new window). Otherwise, fetch it from your trusted source.

Save the new genesis as new_genesis.json. Then replace the old genesis.json with new_genesis.json

Copy cd $HOME/.gaia/config cp -f genesis.json new_genesis.json mv new_genesis.json genesis.json

Then, go to the reset data section.

# Exporting State to a New Genesis Locally

If you were running a node in the previous version of the network and want to build your new genesis locally from a state of this previous network, use the following command:

Copy cd $HOME/.gaia/config gaiad export --for-zero-height --height=<export-height> > new_genesis.json

The command above take a state at a certain height <export-height> and turns it into a new genesis file that can be used to start a new network.

Then, replace the old genesis.json with new_genesis.json.

Copy cp -f genesis.json new_genesis.json mv new_genesis.json genesis.json

At this point, you might want to run a script to update the exported genesis into a genesis that is compatible with your new version. For example, the attributes of a the Account type changed, a script should query encoded account from the account store, unmarshall them, update their type, re-marshal and re-store them. You can find an example of such script here (opens new window).

# Reset Data

If you are running a validator node on the mainnet, always be careful when doing gaiad unsafe-reset-all. You should never use this command if you are not switching chain-id.


Make sure that every node has a unique priv_validator.json. Do not copy the priv_validator.json from an old node to multiple new nodes. Running two nodes with the same priv_validator.json will cause you to get slashed due to double sign !

First, remove the outdated files and reset the data. If you are running a validator node, make sure you understand what you are doing before resetting.

Copy gaiad unsafe-reset-all

Your node is now in a pristine state while keeping the original priv_validator.json and config.toml. If you had any sentry nodes or full nodes setup before, your node will still try to connect to them, but may fail if they haven't also been upgraded.