# Live Upgrade Tutorial

This document demonstrates how a live upgrade can be performed on-chain through a governance process.

  1. Start the network and trigger upgrade

    Copy # start a gaia application full-node $ gaiad start # set up the cli config $ gaiad config trust-node true $ gaiad config chain-id testing # create an upgrade governance proposal $ gaiad tx gov submit-proposal software-upgrade <plan-name> \ --title <proposal-title> --description <proposal-description> \ --from <name-or-key> --upgrade-height <desired-upgrade-height> --deposit 10000000stake # once the proposal passes you can query the pending plan $ gaiad query upgrade plan
  2. Performing an upgrade

    Assuming the proposal passes the chain will stop at given upgrade height.

    You can stop and start the original binary all you want, but it will refuse to run after the upgrade height.

    We need a new binary with the upgrade handler installed. The logs should look something like:

    Copy E[2019-11-05|12:44:18.913] UPGRADE "<plan-name>" NEEDED at height: <desired-upgrade-height>: module=main E[2019-11-05|12:44:18.914] CONSENSUS FAILURE!!! ...

    Note that the process will hang indefinitely (doesn't exit to avoid restart loops). So, you must manually kill the process and replace it with a new binary. Do so now with Ctrl+C or killall gaiad.

    In gaia/app/app.go, after upgrade.Keeper is initialized and set in the app, set the the corresponding upgrade Handler with the correct <plan-name>:

    Copy app.upgradeKeeper.SetUpgradeHandler("<plan-name>", func(ctx sdk.Context, plan upgrade.Plan) { // custom logic after the network upgrade has been executed })

    Note that we panic on any error - this would cause the upgrade to fail if the migration could not be run, and no node would advance - allowing a manual recovery. If we ignored the errors, then we would proceed with an incomplete upgrade and have a very difficult time every recovering the proper state.

    Now, compile the new binary and run the upgraded code to complete the upgrade:

    Copy # create a new binary of gaia with the added upgrade handler $ make install # Restart the chain using the new binary. You should see the chain resume from # the upgrade height: # `I[2019-11-05|12:48:15.184] applying upgrade <plan-name> at height: <desired-upgrade-height> module=main` $ gaiad start # verify there is no pending plan $ gaiad query upgrade plan # verify you can query the block header of the completed upgrade $ gaiad query upgrade applied <plan-name>