Join the mainnet

See the launch repo for information on the mainnet, including the correct version of the Cosmos-SDK to use and details about the genesis file.

You need to install gaia before you go further

Setting Up a New Node

These instructions are for setting up a brand new full node from scratch.

First, initialize the node and create the necessary config files:

gaiad init <your_custom_moniker>
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Note

Monikers can contain only ASCII characters. Using Unicode characters will render your node unreachable.

You can edit this moniker later, in the ~/.gaiad/config/config.toml file:

# A custom human readable name for this node
moniker = "<your_custom_moniker>"
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You can edit the ~/.gaiad/config/gaiad.toml file in order to enable the anti spam mechanism and reject incoming transactions with less than the minimum gas prices:

# This is a TOML config file.
# For more information, see https://github.com/toml-lang/toml

##### main base config options #####

# The minimum gas prices a validator is willing to accept for processing a
# transaction. A transaction's fees must meet the minimum of any denomination
# specified in this config (e.g. 10uatom).

minimum-gas-prices = ""
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Your full node has been initialized!

Genesis & Seeds

Copy the Genesis File

Fetch the testnet's genesis.json file into gaiad's config directory.

mkdir -p $HOME/.gaiad/config
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cosmos/launch/master/genesis.json > $HOME/.gaiad/config/genesis.json
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Note we use the latest directory in the launch repo which contains details for the mainnet like the latest version and the genesis file.

If you want to connect to the public testnet instead, click here

To verify the correctness of the configuration run:

gaiad start
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Add Seed Nodes

Your node needs to know how to find peers. You'll need to add healthy seed nodes to $HOME/.gaiad/config/config.toml. The launch repo contains links to some seed nodes.

If those seeds aren't working, you can find more seeds and persistent peers on a Cosmos Hub explorer (a list can be found on the launch page).

You can also ask for peers on the Validators Riot Room

For more information on seeds and peers, you can read this.

A Note on Gas and Fees

On Cosmos Hub mainnet, the accepted denom is uatom, where 1atom = 1.000.000uatom

Transactions on the Cosmos Hub network need to include a transaction fee in order to be processed. This fee pays for the gas required to run the transaction. The formula is the following:

fees = ceil(gas * gasPrices)
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The gas is dependent on the transaction. Different transaction require different amount of gas. The gas amount for a transaction is calculated as it is being processed, but there is a way to estimate it beforehand by using the auto value for the gas flag. Of course, this only gives an estimate. You can adjust this estimate with the flag --gas-adjustment (default 1.0) if you want to be sure you provide enough gas for the transaction.

The gasPrice is the price of each unit of gas. Each validator sets a min-gas-price value, and will only include transactions that have a gasPrice greater than their min-gas-price.

The transaction fees are the product of gas and gasPrice. As a user, you have to input 2 out of 3. The higher the gasPrice/fees, the higher the chance that your transaction will get included in a block.

For mainnet, the recommended gas-prices is 0.025uatom.

Set minimum-gas-prices

Your full-node keeps unconfirmed transactions in its mempool. In order to protect it from spam, it is better to set a minimum-gas-prices that the transaction must meet in order to be accepted in your node's mempool. This parameter can be set in the following file ~/.gaiad/config/gaiad.toml.

The initial recommended min-gas-prices is 0.025uatom, but you might want to change it later.

Run a Full Node

Start the full node with this command:

gaiad start
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Check that everything is running smoothly:

gaiacli status
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View the status of the network with the Cosmos Explorer.

Export State

Gaia can dump the entire application state to a JSON file, which could be useful for manual analysis and can also be used as the genesis file of a new network.

Export state with:

gaiad export > [filename].json
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You can also export state from a particular height (at the end of processing the block of that height):

gaiad export --height [height] > [filename].json
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If you plan to start a new network from the exported state, export with the --for-zero-height flag:

gaiad export --height [height] --for-zero-height > [filename].json
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Verify Mainnet

Help to prevent a catastrophe by running invariants on each block on your full node. In essence, by running invariants you ensure that the state of mainnet is the correct expected state. One vital invariant check is that no atoms are being created or destroyed outside of expected protocol, however there are many other invariant checks each unique to their respective module. Because invariant checks are computationally expensive, they are not enabled by default. To run a node with these checks start your node with the assert-invariants-blockly flag:

gaiad start --assert-invariants-blockly
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If an invariant is broken on your node, your node will panic and prompt you to send a transaction which will halt mainnet. For example the provided message may look like:

invariant broken:
    loose token invariance:
        pool.NotBondedTokens: 100
        sum of account tokens: 101
    CRITICAL please submit the following transaction:
        gaiacli tx crisis invariant-broken staking supply

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When submitting a invariant-broken transaction, transaction fee tokens are not deducted as the blockchain will halt (aka. this is a free transaction).

Upgrade to Validator Node

You now have an active full node. What's the next step? You can upgrade your full node to become a Cosmos Validator. The top 100 validators have the ability to propose new blocks to the Cosmos Hub. Continue onto the Validator Setup.